Thoth was an ancient Egyptian god of the moon, wisdom, writing, magic, judgment, balance and the dead. You may join theTrocadéro gardens to enjoy the most expected event of the day: the majestic, thirty-minute long firework show happening around the Eiffel Tower at 11pm. When the news of his dismissal reached Paris the next day, its citizen saw it as a move aimed against the National Constituent Assembly. Among other things, people ran through the streets naked to display their great freedom. The French celebrate Bastille Day with fireworks, military parades, dancing, live music, and food. In 1357, the initial construction of Bastille was started even though actually the primary construction began in 1370. From the period between 1420 and 1436 the English had control of the Bastille. Another idea is to enjoy it from a boat floating on the Seine; in some cases, you can even book a dinner table, listen to music and dance around in a more intimate setting (and if you don’t want to wait until next Bastille Day to do so, grab yourself some tickets for a journey on the Seine). Discontent among the population had grown stronger and stronger over the years due to economic difficulties, combined with a rising criticism towards absolute monarchy. Explore this item in our Flash timeline . The Fête de la Fédération took place on 14 July 1790 on the Champ de Mars, a large public greenspace in Paris, France. But secrecy about the prison and its prisoners gave it an evil reputation. Here is a selection. Storming of the Bastille 14 July 1789. On the 14th there were over 13,600 kilograms (30,000 lb) of gunpowderstored there. “Fireworks on Bastille Day in Paris”, Yann Caradec, 2012. 10 Facts On Bastille Day And Storming of The Bastille, #1 National Constituent Assembly was established at the start of the French Revolution, #2 Dismissal of Jacques Necker was an important cause of Storming of the Bastille, #3 Bastille was attacked because of gunpowder, Fearing that they and their representatives would be attacked by the royal army, Parisians stormed the, #5 More than a 100 people were killed during the incident, #6 Storming of the Bastille led to a general panic known as the Great Fear, The Storming of the Bastille came to symbolize, #8 Its anniversary was celebrated by a grand event, #9 Bastille Day Military Parade is the oldest regular military parade in the world, In June 1880, the Senate chose 14 July over 4 August (honoring the end of the feudal system) as a yearly national holiday. Facts about Bastille 4: the design . Afterwards, when your eyes are still sparkling from the beauty you witnessed, a big concert begins at the feet of the monument. By the next day the outcome became clear to Louis XVI and he tried to reconcile with the public. At this point, you may be wondering why would the French turn such an event into their National Day. Sourced from Wikipedia. Let’s go back to the kingdom of France under Louis XVIth’s rule. 2 0. zafir. A Te Deum followed. But most importantly, ever since the XVth century, kings frequently used the building as a prison. On July 14th 1789, a crowd of several thousand people laid siege to the Bastille, a royal fortress on the eastern fringe of Paris. There are interesting connections between the U.S. and Bastille Day. The prison had become a symbol of the monarchy’s dictatorial rule, and the event became one of the defining moments in the Revolution that followed. A battle ensued between the insurgents and the soldiers protecting the Bastille. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the French Revolution - Storming of the Bastille webquest print page. The storming of the Bastille gave way to the French revolution and lead to the overthrowing of the monarchy and the execution of the king and queen. 2. The prison, which could only hold about 50 prisoners, was not as bad most of the prisons in Paris. The Storming of the Bastille, in Paris, was the flashpoint of the French Revolution and signified the fall of the monarchy and royal authority. Guess which building had plenty? He had re-enforcement. The Third Estate, after being locked out from a meeting on 20 June 1789 by King Louis XVI, pledged not to separate until they had given France a constitution. It is worth noting that women working in the army or in the police had to wait 1971 to be allowed to partake in the parade. Pop art includes imagery from popular culture, such as, advertising, cartoons, news etc. The Bastille was stormed primarily for gunpowder. It all eventually exploded in 1789. This date is set from the Storming of the Bastille on the 14th July 1789! There is no need to wonder that the design was copied. The Storming of the Bastille led to a short period of general panic during which rumors of an aristocrat “famine plot” led to people attacking manor houses. This included four forgers and two lunatics. The first thing an English-speaker should know is that there is a great chance that a French person would not understand what “Bastille Day” refers to, if it were to be mentioned. The Bastille Day is celebrated annually on 14th July. It was followed by the abolishment of feudalism on 4 August, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen being adopted on 26 August and the March on Versailles in October. In London, though, French members of the Resistance would still march. The latter, also called the “Third Estate”, ended up gathering together in late June, calling themselves a “National Assembly” and vowing never to dissolve before having granted the country with a new constitution. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at French Revolution - Storming of the Bastille. Back to History for Kids. grab yourself some tickets for a journey on the Seine. It had eight towers. It was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from the English threat in the Hundred Years’ War. July 14th was the date in 1789 when French revolutionaries stormed the Bastille, (fortress and prison), in Paris. First, La Fayette did so in the name of the federated National Guards; then, the Assembly’s President did so in the name of the deputies; and finally, the king. Since that year, the, #10 ‘Vive le 14 juillet!’ is a popular slogan in France, In France, Bastille Day is formally called. The idea came from none other than the marquis de La Fayette, appointed by Louis XVI as the head of the National Guard of Paris. Authorities handed the Bastille prison key to Lafayette shortly after the riots. The people rioted to denounce the price of bread rising and attacked tax collectors. Since 1880, the Republic has put on her best attire every year to celebrate July 14th: the red, white and blue flags, the Marseillaise, and the “Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité” – all symbols officially adopted during the third Republic, along with the national day’s date. People of high rank were sometimes held there too. Paris - By month, Paris - Our top 10 lists, Paris - What you need to know before coming to Paris. The military parade used to take place in the Longchamp Racecourse in the Bois de Boulogne, in Paris, but after the First World War, this changed. Caricature of Benjamin Raspail in a 1878 newspaper. The event was celebrated a year later, but the date was not made France’s … 2. The July 14 date commemorates the storming of the Bastille in 1789. Since that year, the Bastille Day Military Parade is held in the morning of 14 July each year in Paris. Postcard of Bastille Day in Longchamps Racecourse, circa 1909. “Fête de la Fédération”, Woodcut by Helman, picture by Monet, 1790. As a prison, the Bastille held common criminals such as forgers and thieves, as well as people put in prison for religious reasons, such as the Huguenots. A less commonly known fact, even among French people, is that it does not only commemorate July 14th, 1789, but also another event which occurred a year after: “la fête de la Fedération”. Bastille Day is one of the most iconic national days in the world. The Storming of the Bastille thus remains one of the most important symbols of the French Revolution, as well as one of the first events leading to the fall of monarchy and the rise of the Republic. 14, giving you the perfect reason to learn fun facts about Bastille Day. Needless to say that this goes for everywhere else in France, where fireworks, concerts and balls can be found even in the smallest cities. We sometimes read this list just to find out what new travel products people are buying. It meant being able to compromise between royalist conservatives and staunch republicans. The event obviously could not have been missed by the artists who lived in France and it actually inspired one of the greatest. The parade then passed by the Champs-Elysées, notably stopping at the Arc de Triomphe, to pay a tribute in front of the Unknown Soldier’s tomb. On the morning of July 14th, which happened to register the highest price of bread since the beginning of Louis XVI’s reign, a delegation of Parisians negotiated with the Bastille’s governor so that he would hand over the arsenal. Fireworks around Annecy’s lake, 2012. Bastille Day Fun Facts! Like the Boston Massacre the storming of the Bastille was a symbolic event. Anirudh is a novelist, writer, seo expert and educationist. All Rights Reserved. I hope that this has been a help to you. Paris - What you need to know before coming to Paris. One of the biggest holidays in France is Bastille Day on July 14th. Bastille was created in innovative design. Who hasn’t heard about the French Revolution, the storming of the Bastille prison, and the Man in the Iron Mask (or is the latter just a myth?). Why? Lv 7. The medieval armory, fortress, and political prison known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. Sourced from Wikipedia. Picture the Champs-de-Mars – where the Eiffel Tower would be built a century after – with about 10,000 people witnessing a series of oaths to the Nation, the Constitution and the law. For instance, in 2016, New Zealand was the guest of honor, so Maori warriors marched. After the end of the official celebration, there was a huge popular four day feast. After managing to take hold of cannons and rifles, all they needed was powder and bullets. Frequently, the parade welcomes troops from an invited foreign army. Bastille Day is celebratedannually on July 14th to commemorate the historical Storming of the Bastille. After the fall of Bastille, Parisians armed themselves as well as they could and prepared for a counterattack. Bastille, medieval fortress on the east side of Paris that became, in the 17th and 18th centuries, a French state prison and a place of detention for important persons charged with various offenses. The Estates-General was dissolved and the National Assembly renamed itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July. Not long after he created this piece, he sadly shot himself and died from his injuries. It remains a popular event in France and is broadcast on French TV. Bastille was also a symbol of the harsh rule of the monarchy and often held people jailed on the basis of direct orders from the king. “La Mairie d’Auvers sur l’Oise le 14 juillet”, Van Gogh, 1890. A man named Marquis De Luanay governed/was in charge of the Bastille. Sourced from Wikipedia. That said, the Bastille does have something to do with it. Since 1880, a military parade has been organized in the morning of July 14th. Colourful fireworks illuminate the Eiffel Tower, armoured tanks trundle down the Champs-Elysees in a military parade, low-flying jet planes rip through the sky, spouting blue, white and red smoke in their wake – all to celebrate the storming of the prison Bastille in 1789 and the release of its prisoners. He decided that he would give the key to his friend, George Washington. A symbol of royal tyranny, Bastille was attacked by Parisians on 14 July 1789. Guided Tour of the Eiffel Tower + Summit access, Arc de Triomphe: Skip The Line + Rooftop Access, Beautiful Paris by night: Discover Paris’ most iconic view at night, Things to do in Paris on Christmas Day (2019). There were also people who had for printed or written things against the government or the King. The first stone was laid on 22 April 1370, but it would not be completed in its 18th Century iteration until 1557. They called for the surrender of the prison, the removal of the guns and the release of the arms and gunpowder. Sourced from Wikipedia. The taking of the Bastille by French revolutionaries. Vincent Van Gogh indeed painted two pieces on the topic: the first in 1886, full of red, white and blue flags in an urban environment; and another in 1890 representing the city hall of Auvers-sur-l’Oise, where he was mentally treated by a doctor. Charlie – The Bastille was ordered by Charles V of France. After a standoff that lasted into the afternoon, the crowd gained access to the Bastille, overwhelmed its guards and arrested and murdered its governor. The French Revolution was a social and political process that developed in France between 1789 and 1795, which sought to create a new code of laws, of freedom, equality and fraternity, and which main objective was to create a Republic. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. #1 It was primarily caused due to a financial crisis. Porte Saint-Antoine was protected by this strong fortress. To this day, the law does not specify one date or another. The insurgents even set free the few prisoners held in its walls. Sourced from Wikipedia. "Fireworks on Bastille Day in Paris", Yann Caradec, 2012. The Bastille was not designed as a prison in which to keep prisoners, but instead was designed as a structure to keep out invading armies. On 14 July 1789, a state prison on the east side of Paris, known as the Bastille, was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob. While they stormed the castle, and were responsible for freeing the seven prisoners held inside, many people wanted to keep the Bastille as a memorial. Bastille The Bastille was a form of government representation or a way to represent royal authority in the centre of Paris. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It commemorated the first anniversary of the Storming of the Bastille and the unity of the French Nation an year after the incident. as opposed to elitist culture. The people of Paris attacked the Ba… Share. Before the storming of the Bastille, they broke into a soldiers’ hospital in Paris and seized 3,000 guns and five canons, but this firepower was useless without gunpowder. Have you ever been in France on July 14th and wondered what all the fireworks were about? The Bastille had served as a royal armoury and a prison, though on this particular day it held few prisoners and was only lightly guarded. 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Apart from a military parade, the French National Day is celebrated with art festivals, fireworks and public revelry. After the fall of the Bastille, the fortress was claimed by the people and later demolished on the order of … If you are now confused as to why Bastille’s Day would commemorate a bloody attack against a symbol of monarchy on the one hand, and a festive event promoting constitutional monarchy on the other, then you are starting to understand what was at stake for the member of Parliament who defended this date as France’s National day a century after. The people in France often call this Bastille Day as Fourteenth of July. On 11 July 1789, Louis XVI dismissed Necker under the advice of his privy council. Over the centuries, the fortress also served as a safe for the royal treasure. Facts about Bastille 3: the construction of Bastille. Therefore, a long history made the Bastille the symbol of monarchical power, as well as the embodiment of royal tyranny in people’s minds. In France, Estates General was a legislative and consultative assembly of the different classes: the clergy (First Estate), the nobles (Second Estate), and the common people (Third Estate). Fact n°4: The French National Day actually commemorates both July 14th, 1789 and July 14th, 1790! In the days following the storming of the Bastille, Marquis de Lafayette assumed the responsibility to maintain order in France. In May, the king had to summon the General Estates in order to address the realm’s financial deficit, created by the help given to the American Revolution. “The Patrouille de France passing by during the French national celebration of 2009”, Dimitri Torterat. The holiday takes place on Jul. There were only seven prisoners being held at Bastille at the time and they were liberated. Beginning in 1417 the Bastille was a prison for those who opposed France's kings. Few people, Parisians included, realize that many traces of this legendary revolution can still be spotted on, around and under Bastille Square. In this one, the flags and garlands’ colors actually appear almost unnoticeable in the cool-toned painting, predominantly green and yellow, giving not so much of a festive impression. It's a myth that the Bastille was torn down by the Parisian mob. To support our blog and writers we put affiliate links and advertising on our page. To support our blog and writers we put affiliate links and advertising on our page. During the fighting at Bastille, 98 attackers and just 1 defender died. Bastille Day falls on the 14th of July every year and became a national holiday in France in 1880! This was caused primarily by French involvement in a series of expensive wars. The Storming of the Bastille thus remains one of the most important symbols of the French Revolution, as well as one of the first events leading to the fall of monarchy and the rise of the Republic. It also led to many members of the nobility fleeing to neighboring countries. Who knows, maybe it will help you kick butt at trivia, too. In June 1880, the Senate chose 14 July over 4 August (honoring the end of the feudal system) as a yearly national holiday. Around this time gunfire began and fighting broke out which ultimately led to the governor of Bastille, Bernard-René de Launay, surrendering and opening the gates. For the first time, in 2015, the RAID, the GIGN and the BRI, all special forces of the National Police dedicated to dealing with crises and dangerous missions linked to criminality and terrorism, joined the parade after their intervention during the terrorist attacks led in January 2015 in the offices of Charlie Hebdo and in a kosher supermarket. Voltaire and the Marquis de Sade were among the most famous royal prisoners held in the Bastille. On the morning of 14 July 1789, the crowd gathered outside Bastille. It was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from the English threat in the Hundred Years’ War. Here are some facts about la fête nationale: 1. They then set their eyes on large quantities of arms and ammunition stored at the Bastille (around 13,600 kilograms (30,000 lb) of gunpowder was stored there). Furthermore, the national day in France is on July 14 to recognize the Storming of the Bastille.To continue, the storming of the bastille occurred on one main reason. France got behind the group which called itself National Assembly and on 27 June, Louis was forced to recognize their validity. As a result of the Storming of the Bastille both King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the rulers of France at the time, fled the stronghold and hid at the palace of Versailles. First of all, the Sacré-Coeur, the Montparnasse Tower or even the Trocadero’s esplanade allows a clear view of the show, though these places will quickly get crowded, so you better come early! His debut self help book "Happiness Decoded" was released in early 2014. His maiden novella “Teicos” is a thoughtful depiction of the development of society and is awaiting publication. Fearing that they and their representatives would be attacked by the royal army, Parisians stormed the Hôtel des Invalides to gather arms (29,000 to 32,000 muskets, but without powder or shot). Check Amazon’s best-seller list for the most popular travel accessories. Looking for the best view over the fireworks in Paris? Fun Facts about the Bastille. “Storming of the Bastille, July 14, 1789”, Anonymous. In France, Bastille Day is formally called La Fête nationale (The National Celebration) and commonly called Le quatorze juillet (the fourteenth of July). It commemorates the storming of the Bastille in 1789, the event widely considered the beginning of the French Revolution. It was declared a state prison in 1417. Fearing repression from the army surrounding the city on the king’s orders, they started to steal weapons in order to defend themselves and the Constituent Assembly. On July 14, 1789, Parisian revolutionaries stormed the Bastille fortress, where Louis XVI had imprisoned many of his enemies—or those whom he perceived to be enemies of the state… You have entered an incorrect email address! Here is the top ten interesting facts about Bastille Day. July 14 is Bastille Day, France’s national holiday. But truth be told, I had the time of my life watching Bastille Day’s fireworks, surrounded by people as happy as I was, even in the smallest, most unknown cities in France. They were set free after the attack. It is worth noting that we are still two years away from the king’s beheading. To begin with, in 1789 there was something called the 3 estates. Did You Know? Indeed, in France, everybody calls it “le 14 juillet” – July 14th – or simply “la fête nationale” – National Day. Oil painting depicting the storming of Bastille 1. This “Festival of the Federation” consisted in a huge civil ceremony meant to celebrate national unity for the Storming of the Bastille’s first birthday. Therefore, you could just as well hop at the top of Etretat’s gorgeous cliffs to see the fireworks illuminate the Chanel sea underneath. It served as a symbol of oppression and injustice. Though the Eiffel Tower’s fireworks are the most famous, it does not mean that others in France are not worth it, on the contrary. Well, to understand its impact at the time, one has to recall the symbol the Bastille represented. We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website. Intro. The Air Force is also represented since they pass over the parade, leaving in the sky great red, white and blue streaks behind them. At the end of the day, the governor eventually surrendered and the rioters took over the building. “Vive le 14 juillet!” (“Long live the 14th of July!”) is a popular slogan which is associated with the day. The demonstrators of the Third Estate in France, had earlier stormed the Hôtel des Invalides to gather arms (29,000 to 32,000 muskets, but without powder or shot), and were mainly seeking to acquire the large quantities of arms and ammunition stored at the Bastille. Because after a constant back and forth between monarchical and republican regimes (not to mention Napoleon‘s Consulate and Empire) during the majority of the XIXth century, France had just started by then its third Republic in 1870 and intended, this time, to make it last (spoiler alert: it did). “The Storming of the Bastille”, Jean-Pierre Hoüel, 1789. 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